number that times the the allele occurs in a gene pool compared with the variety of times other alleles occur. EXAMPLE: 2 alleles because that the gene that controls hair colour in mice. If among the alleles is existing in fifty percent the members that the population, its frequency is 50 percent.

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alleles have the right to recombine to develop different genotypes, resulting in different phenotypes and hence variation in ~ a population.
A polygenic properties is controlled by two or much more genes, and also each gene frequently has two or an ext alleles. As a result, there have the right to be many possible phenotypes, represented by a bell curve.
Evolution can be defined as a adjust in the loved one frequency that alleles in the gene swimming pool of a population.
Speciation occurs only when populations are reproductively isolated. Reproductively isolated populations have different gene pools and also eventually form new species.
STABILIZING an option = centre of curve = higher fitness DISRUPTIVE an option = both ends = greater fitness
Random change in allele frequencies in a population, occurs in tiny populations or once a tiny group of biology colonizes a new habitat.

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Occurs as soon as the allele frequencies in a population remain constant. Five conditions are required to maintain genetic equilibrium: 1) random adjustment 2) extremely big population dimension 3) no movement into or the end of the populace 4) no mutations 5) no natural selection
When two populaces of a species become isolated, each team can evolve independently until they become separate species.
when particular individuals w/ particular phenotype have greater fitness, the curve changes. Evolution reasons increase in # of individuals w/ specific trait. EXAMPLE: peppered moths
when individuals have higher fitness than others in ~ the finish of the curve EXAMPLE: smaller than avg and also larger than avg babies are much less likely come survive
when people at end of curve have greater fitness EXAMPLE: in one area w more big and tiny seeds, bird with large beaks and little beaks are much more fit
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