The world is do of matter and energy. The issue is comprised of atoms and molecules, and energy renders these atoms and molecules to be in activity invariably – one of two people by vibrating earlier and soon or through bumping right into each other. This activity of molecules and also atoms creates a kind of power that we recognize as the thermal energy or heat. Warmth is current in every matter including the coldest voids of space. In this article, we talk about the technique of measure up the warm transfer that occurs in ~ a chemical reaction or various other physical processes, and this technique is well-known as the calorimetry.

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What is Calorimetry?

The action or scientific research of measure the alters in the state variables of a human body in bespeak to calculate the warm transfer connected with transforms of its states such as physical transforms or step transitions under specific conditions is recognized as calorimetry. Calorimetry is performed v the help of a calorimeter.

Calorimeter Principle


When 2 bodies of various temperatures (preferably a solid and also a liquid) are put in physical contact with every other, the heat is moved from the human body with greater temperature to the body with lower temperature until thermal equilibrium is attained between them. The human body at greater temperature releases heat while the body at reduced temperature absorbs heat. The rule of calorimetry shows the legislation of conservation energy, i.e. The full heat lost by the warm body is same to the full heat acquired by the cold body.

Heat shed = warm Gained

The warm transfer in a system is calculated using the formula,

\(q=mc\Delta t\)


q is the measure up of warm transfer

m is the massive of the body

c is the particular heat the the body

Δt is the change in the temperature

Calorimeter Problems

Let united state look at the example below to understand how to calculation the warmth transfer between two objects.

Example 1.1: A steel weighing 4.82 g was heated come 115.0 °C and put into 35 mL of water the temperature 28.7 °C. The metal and water were allowed to involved an equilibrium temperature, established to it is in 34.5 °C. Presume no warm was shed to the environment, calculate the specific heat the the metal. Take into consideration the certain heat volume of water as 4.186 joule/gram °C.


First, let us calculate the heat soaked up by the water and use the value acquired to calculation the particular heat of the metal.

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The formula to uncover the heat took in by the water is offered as

\(q=mc\Delta t\)

Substituting the values in the equation, we get

\(q_absorbed=(4.186\, J/g\cdot^\circC)\times35\,g\times (5.8^\circC)\)\(q_absorbed=850J=q_released\)

Now, utilizing this formula let united state calculate the details heat that the metal as follows:

\(850\,J=s\times 4.82\,g\times80.5^\circC\)\(s=2.19\, J/G\cdot ^\circC\)

The specific heat that the metal is \( 2.19\, J/G\cdot ^\circC\)The measurements derived using the principle of calorimetry define a lot of essential phenomena in thermodynamics. Stay tuned come BYJU’S come learn more about calorimetry, heat transfer, and much more.