Ovary - produces the hormones that promote the development of the female second sexual characteristics at puberty.

You are watching: The size and shape of a pea; produces hormones that stimulate other endocrine glands.

Pituitary gland - storehouse because that the hormones developed by the hypothalamus the the brain.

Testis - to produce the hormone that straight the manufacturing of the an additional male sex characteristics.

Adrenal glands - develop steroid hormones and also glucocorticoids and mineralocorticoids

Hypothalamus - to produce hormones and is taken into consideration a neuroendocrine organ.


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Bones and muscles - development hormone-releasing hormone (GHRH)

Mammary glands - Prolactin-releasing hormone (PRH)

Testes or ovaries - Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH)

Thyroid - Thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH)

Adrenal cortex - Cortocotropin-releasing hormone (CRH)


Addison"s condition - hyposecretion that the adrenal cortex

Acromegaly - autoimmune difficulty involving the thyroid gland

Diabetes mellitus - hyposecretion of the pancreas

Pituitary dwarfism - hyposecretion of development hormone

Graves disease - hypersecretion of growth hormone


Cushing"s disease - hypersecretion the adrenal cortex

Myxedema - hyposecretion the thyroid in adults

Acromegaly - hypersection of expansion hormone

Cretinism - hyposecretion that thyroid in infants


Thyroid - to produce the body"s major metabolic hormones

Adrenal medulla - gland that controls the fight-or-flight reaction

Hypophysis - the size and shape the a pea: produce hormones the stimulate various other endocrine glands.

Parathyroid - produces a hormone that controls blood level of calcium and also potassium by your removal from bone tissue.

Pancreas - produces hormone that manage glucose level in the body.


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Zona glomerulosa - produces aldosterone

Zona fasciculate - to produce glucocorticoids, produce androgens, overabundance hormone levels an outcome in Cushings syndrome.

Adrenal medulla - produces epinephrine, hormones mimic forgiveness nervous mechanism neurotransmitters


Chemical substances secreted through cells into the extracellular fluids and also that manage the metabolic role of various other cells in the human body are referred to as ________


production through the adrenal gland is insignificant contrasted with sex hormone release from the gonads during late puberty


Several hormones room synthesized in the hypothalamus and transported come the anterior pituitary gland. The mechanism of transportation from hypothalamus come anterior pituitary gland is through the _______


The neurohypophysis or posterior lobe of the pituitary gland is not a true endocrine gland since _____


Cells that respond come peptide hormone usually perform so v a sequence of biochemical reactions involving receptor and also kinase activation. In order for cells to respond , that is crucial for first and 2nd messengers to communicate. This is possible because _____


When that becomes important to enlist the fight-or-flight response, a hormone the Is released throughout the alarm step of the general adaption syndrome is ________


One of the least complex of the endocrine control systems straight responds to an altering blood levels of ions and nutrients. Which describes this mechanism?


The parathyroid glands keep adequate levels of blood calcium. This is achieved through _____


In circumstances where the human body requires an extensive or raised levels the a hormone, the DNA of target cells will certainly specify the synthetic of an ext receptors on the surface ar of the cell of the target organ. This is recognized as ______


A guy was told the he is no synthesizing sufficient FSH, and also for this reason he ay be can not to father a child. Describe this problem...

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Thyroxine is a peptide hormone, but it"s device is different from various other peptide hormones. Why is this _____


As a an outcome of stress, the adenohypophysis release _____, i m sorry stimulates release of hormone from the adrenal cortex the retain sodium and also water, boost blood sugar and also begin breaking down fats.