The main difference in between virtue principles utilitarianism is that virtue principles focuses on the human being carrying out an action, conversely, utilitarianism concentrates on the aftermath of the action.

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Virtue ethics and also utilitarianism room moral and ethical theory that have the capacity to recognize the rightness or wrongness of an action. Virtue values is a ethical theory that is concerned with the ethical character or quality of the individual moving out an plot while utilitarianism is the moral theory that claims an action is appropriate if that is helpful or is useful for a majority.

Key areas Covered

1. What is Virtue Ethics  – Definition, Characteristics, Focus2. What is Utilitarianism – Definition, Characteristics, Focus3. Difference between Virtue Ethics and Utilitarianism – to compare of an essential Differences

Key Terms

Ethics, Morals, Utiliniarism, Virtue Ethics

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What is Virtue Ethics?

Virtue values is a normative honest theory that is based on character, rather than action. The theory emphasizes virtues of mind, character and sense that honesty. In virtue ethics, a right act is one act that is lugged out through a building person. In basic words, virtues principles looks in ~ the ethical character or virtue that a personality of the human being carrying the end an action, instead of the activity itself, or the after-effects of one action. Thus, this theory deals with the correctly or wrongness of individual actions and also describes the characteristics and also behaviours a building or great person will seek to achieve. In brief, virtue values urges people to live a ethical life by exercise virtuous habits.

According to plenty of virtue theorists, all humans would benefit from a common set of virtues. Prudence, justice, fortitude/bravery and temperance to be the traditional list the cardinal virtues. However, over there is no general covenant on what virtues are; in fact, some virtues may be relative to a person’s society and society.

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Furthermore, virtue ethics is a very useful theory since most people are often interested in assessing the moral character of individuals rather than assessing the correctly or wrongness of a certain action. However, the is likewise important to keep in mind that return virtue ethics administer general guidance on just how to end up being a virtuous person, that does no specify action to take it in ethical dilemmas.

What is Utilitarianism?

Utilitarianism is a ethical theory that focuses on the consequences of one’s actions fairly than one’s intent. Follow to this theory, an action is right, if it often tends to promote joy – not simply the joy of the human who performs the action, but all those who are impacted by the action. Similarly, an action is negative if it produces opposing of happiness. Thus, a good action in utilitarianism is same an action with an excellent consequences. Basically, this theory is based on the concept that actions have to be measured in regards to pleasure or happiness that produce. In brief, utilitarianists believe that we should act always so regarding produce the greatest an excellent for the greatest number. So, this is what we contact the principle of utility.

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Moreover, this theory stems indigenous the principles of late 18th and also 19th-century English philosophers, Jeremy Bentham and also John Stuart Mill. Besides, there room two main theories of utilitarianism as act utilitarianism and also rule utilitarianism. Plot utilitarianism states that the morality of an action is determined by that is usefulness to people. Rule utilitarianism says that an activity can be morally right if that conforms to the rules that will bring about the greatest an excellent or happiness.

Difference between Virtue Ethics and Utilitarianism

Definition

Virtue principles is a moral theory that is concerned with the moral character or quality of the individual moving out an activity while utilitarianism is the moral theory that claims an action is appropriate if the is advantageous or is advantageous for a majority.

Focus

Virtue values focuses ~ above the human carrying the end an action, conversely, utilitarianism focuses on the aftermath of the action.

Rightness or Wrongness of one Action

In virtue ethics, a right act or a great act is one act that is lugged out by a building person; in utilitarianism, a right act is an act the brings the greatest great for the greatest number of people.

Conclusion

Virtue ethics is a moral theory that is pertained to with the moral character or goodness of the individual transporting out an action while utilitarianism is the moral theory that states an activity is right if that is advantageous or is useful for a majority. The main difference in between virtue values utilitarianism is that virtue ethics focuses on the person carrying the end an action, whereas utilitarianism focuses on the after-effects of the action.

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Reference:

1. “Ethics – introduction to Ethics: Virtue Ethics.” BBC, accessible here.2. West, bother R. “Utilitarianism.” Utilitarianism, available here.